Come on…What does it mean and why should i care??

In physical fitness, body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone, water and muscle in human bodies. Because muscular tissue takes up less space in our body than fat tissue, our body composition, as well as our weight, determines leanness. Two people of equal height and body weight may look completely different from each other because they have a different body composition.

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Whether you are overweight or of normal body weight you should be aware of the impact body composition has on your health! Even if your scale weight is within a normal range, you can still have unhealthy or altered body composition. Thin doesn’t mean healthy in various situations.

What is unhealthy body composition? Generally speaking, it refers to carrying too much or excess body fat in comparison to your lean muscle mass. As your body fat-to-lean ratio increases, so does your health risks. In fact, more often than not an unhealthy body composition can lead to obesity (commonly defined as 30 pounds or more overweight) a condition associated with many critical health concerns, including some of the following:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • High blood pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Certain forms of cancer
  • Excess fatigue

Some Factors that Contribute to Unhealthy Body Composition:

  • A high-fat, high-sugar diet
  • Lack of exercise
  • Overeating
  • Excess alcohol intake
  • Poor Water Intake
  • Stressful life
  • Poor food choices
  • Incorrect Lifestyle Choices

Did you know?

  • More than 64% of the UK adult population is overweight, with over 23% considered obese.
  • Almost 20% of UK children and teens aged 6 to 19 years old are categorized as overweight.
  • Overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming overweight or obese adults.
  • In the UK, approximately 47% of those who are overweight and 71% of those who are obese have high blood pressure.
  • Half of all overweight and obese British adults have cholesterol levels higher than they should (greater than 200 mg/dl).
  • A growing number of Adults in the UK have insulin resistance, which left unchecked, may develop in to type 2 diabetes. About 70% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.


According to the National Institute of Health the following are considered to be benefits of a Healthy Body Composition:

  • Increase energy and endurance.
  • Promote healthy blood pressure.
  • Improve quality of sleep.
  • Relieve some strain placed on your knees, hips, and lower back which can lead to reduced pain.
  • Improve mood and self confidence.
  • Reduce the risk of certain pregnancy related complications.
  • Improve blood circulation in all parts of the body, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke.
  • Reduce respiratory infections and breathlessness, and improve lung function.
  • Improve insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance.

The Bottom Line is a healthy body composition can not only improves your general health but it can also change your whole quality of life for the better!

Health Risks Associated With Too Much Body Fat Include The Following:


  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased total cholesterol level
  • Increased LDL (bad) cholesterol
  • Increased risk of cardiac problems
  • Increased risk of Diabetes
  • Hardening of the arteries
  • Aggravation of osteoarthritis
  • Promotes blood clots and varicose veins
  • GI disorders
  • Increased predisposition to some cancers
  • Decreased reaction time
  • Reduced balance and coordination
  • Increased susceptibility to infections
  • Decreased circulation
  • Delayed wound healing